Today computers and electronic media/communication devices have become everyday tools. We can hardly live without them.
Children grow up with cell phones and laptop computers, digital music, and streaming video. Texting and surfing the internet have transformed our lives. Social media sites like Facebook and Twitter, keep family and friends in touch. Instant communication with loved ones is a blessing, while the Blackberry needs to be shut off while on vacation so that coworkers cannot reach you.
The creation and development of computers is a beautiful history, featuring human ingenuity and scientific cross-cultural advancement.
1936: The first programmable computer was invented by Konrad Zuse
1944: Eckert & Mauchly put together 20,000 vacuum tubes to create the ENIAC 1 Computer
1947: The transistor was invented by Bardeen, Brattain and Shockley
1951: The first Univac computer
1953: The first IBM computer
1954: John Backus and IBM created the Fortran programming language
1958: Invention of the integrated circuit by Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
1969: The US government created ARPAnet, the first internet
1971: The first Intel micro-processor created by Faggin, Hoff and Mazor
1971: The first floppy disk to store data was created by Alan Shugart at IBM
1976: Apple created the first consumer computers
1976: Dan Bricklin and Bob Frankston created the VisiCalc Spreadsheet Software
1984: Apple created the first MacIntosh computer with windows/mouse capability
.. and much more.
Although computer hardware consists of electronic processors, buses, motherboards and integrated circuits, all data storage and the software needed to run programs are based on the principle of Yin and Yang; either the magnetic storage disk bit is magnetized (on) or not (off).
Information is stored on disk drives, but how and by what method?
A computer storage drive is a round rigid platter; a plastic base material coated with iron oxide. The oxide is a ferromagnetic material that can store (retain) a magnetic charge once it is placed on this material. A read/write head moves over the disk, locating the intended data on a certain track and sector, and read if the spot is magnetized or not.
This is strictly the principle of Yin and Yang. An area on disk is either:
Yang – on and magnetized
Yin – off and not magnetized
This dualistic principle of nature is used to store computer information; data as well as program instructions.
But how is an “on” or “off” area/switch used to contain information? We simple need to establish a standard, an on/off sequence that everyone aggress to use.
Eight consecutive BIT’s (Binary digIT), either “on” or “off”, is read as 1 byte. The unique sequence of bits in a byte are assigned the specific letters, numbers, and other characters used in our language.
The ASCII character set consists of 128 decimal numbers ranging from zero through 127 assigned to letters, numbers, punctuation marks, and the most common special characters.
The Extended ASCII Character Set also consists of 128 decimal numbers and ranges from 128 through 255 representing additional special, mathematical, graphic, and foreign characters.
The letter “A” is represented by binary number 065 = 01000001
The letter “B” is represented by binary number 066 = 01000010
The letter “C” is represented by binary number 067 = 01000011
… and the small letters
The letter “a” is represented by binary number 097 = 01100001
The letter “b” is represented by binary number 098 = 01100010
The letter “c” is represented by binary number 099 = 01100011
… and special characters, html, and other.
A 32-byte processor accesses 32 bytes at once, while a 64 byte processor access 64 bytes at once.
Picture or images (i.e., jpg) are stored using the “True Color” 24 or 32 bit sequence.
|Red – 8 bits||Green – 8 bits||Blue – 8 bits|
… which allows for 256 x 256 x 256 = 16+ million combinations of colors/shades.
This is all based on the Tao, and principles Yin and Yang. As written by Chinese sage Lao Tzu, the Tao is explained in the manuscript “The Tao-Te Ching,” as …
The Tao is an empty vessel; it is used, but never filled.
Oh, unfathomable source of ten thousand things!
Blunt the sharpness,
Untangle the knot,
Soften the glare,
Merge with dust.
Oh, hidden deep but ever present!
I do not know from whence it comes.
It is the forefather of the gods.
Look, it cannot be seen – it is beyond form.
Listen, it cannot be heard – it is beyond sound.
Grasp, it cannot be held – it is intangible.
These three are indefinable;
Therefore they are joined in one.
From above it is not bright;
From below it is not dark:
An unbroken thread beyond description.
It returns to nothingness.
The form of the formless,
The image of the imageless,
It is called indefinable and beyond imagination.
Stand before it and there is no beginning.
Follow it and there is no end.
Stay with the ancient Tao,
Move with the present.
Knowing the ancient beginning is the essence of Tao.
The greatest Virtue is to follow Tao and Tao alone.
The Tao is elusive and intangible.
Oh, it is intangible and elusive, and yet within is image.
Oh, it is elusive and intangible, and yet within is form.
Oh, it is dim and dark, and yet within is essence.
This essence is very real, and therein lies faith.
From the very beginning until now its name has never been forgotten.
Thus I perceive the creation.
How do I know the ways of creation?
Because of this.
Knowing others is wisdom;
Knowing the self is enlightenment.
Mastering others requires force;
Mastering the self needs strength.
He who knows he has enough is rich.
Perseverance is a sign of willpower.
He who stays where he is endures.
To die but not to perish is to be eternally present.
The great Tao flows everywhere, both to the left and to the right.
The ten thousand things depend upon it; it holds nothing back.
It fulfills its purpose silently and makes no claim.
It nourishes the ten thousand things, and yet is not their lord.
It has no aim; it is very small.
The ten thousand things return to it,
Yet it is not their lord.
It is very great.
It does not show greatness, and is therefore truly great.
Tao abides in non-action,
Yet nothing is left undone.
If kings and lords observed this,
The ten thousand things would develop naturally.
If they still desired to act,
They would return to the simplicity of formless substance.
Without for there is no desire.
Without desire there is.
And in this way all things would be at peace.
The Tao begot one.
One begot two.
Two begot three.
And three begot the ten thousand things.
The ten thousand things carry yin and embrace yang.
They achieve harmony by combining these forces.
Men hate to be “orphaned,” “widowed,” or “worthless,”
But this is how kings and lords describe themselves.
For one gains by losing and loses by gaining.
What others teach, I also teach; that is:
“A violent man will die a violent death!”
This will be the essence of my teaching.
The sage has no mind of his own.
He is aware of the needs of others.
I am good to people who are good.
I am also good to people who are not good.
Because Virtue is goodness.
I have faith in people who are faithful.
I also have faith in people who are not faithful.
Because Virtue is faithfulness.
The sage is shy and humble – to the world he seems confusing.
Others look to him and listen.
He behaves like a little child.
Tao is source of the ten thousand things.
It is the treasure of the good man, and the refuge of the bad.
Sweet words can buy honor;
Good deeds can gain respect.
If a man is bad, do not abandon him.
Therefore on the day the emperor is crowned,
Or the three officers of state installed,
Do not send a gift of jade and a team of four horses,
But remain still and offer the Tao.
Why does everyone like the Tao so much at first?
Isn’t it because you find what you seek and are forgiven when you sin?
Therefore this is the greatest treasure of the universe.
The Tao is hidden, unchanging, and has no name. Ying and Yang are one, but appear as polar opposites in the relative world. That’s only because we classify them in relationship to ourselves (the small ego).
Our perceived world of duality consists of opposites …
|abundant – scarce||despair – hope||king – subject||powerful – weak|
|after – before||easy – difficult||lazy – energetic||rich – poor|
|always – never||fail – succeed||likely – unlikely||safe – dangerous|
|ascend – descend||foolish – wise||live – die||speaker – listener|
|big – little||full – empty||man – woman||true – false|
|black – white||happy – sad||nice – mean||valuable – valueless|
|build – destroy||healthy – diseased||on – off||victory – defeat|
|correct – incorrect||hope – despair||old – young||warm – cool|
|cruel – kind||hot – cold||optimist – pessimist||within – without|
|dark – light||inside – outside||possible – impossible||young – old|
… but only because our individual consciousness is ego centric.
Through the regular practice of meditation our consciousness expands to the universal level, upon Enlightenment. The facade of duality is then shattered and the underlying absolute timeless eternal value of creation comes to the forefront. We can then truly see the world as it is.
Eventually all things merge into one. Continue your meditation practice every day, morning and evening, to hasten the arrival of bliss consciousness.